Who has written the Hanuman Chalisa & Why?
Tulsidas ,was called by the Emperor Akbar in his court,after hearing that Tulsidas had Darshan (had seen) of Lord Rama. Akbar doubted on the truth of Shri Ram’s existence and he asked Tulsidas to show him Shri Ram. Tulsidas replied that Shri Ram gives Darshan (vision) to his Bhagtas (devotees) only ,the Emperor imprisoned him. In the prison Tulsidas wrote Hanuman Chalisa , in the praise of Lord Hanuman, which has 40 verses in Simple Awadhi language. 40 means Chalis i.e. why this poem came to be known as Hanuman Chalisa. After completing Hanuman chalisa a force of monkeys attacked the town of Akbar, the whole force of Akbar could not stop the monkeys from doing mischief in the town ,at last on the advise of wise ministers Akbar released Tulsidas and at a sudden the monkeys stop troubling and left the town.
What does Hanuman Chalisa tells?
Tulsidas writes that , With the dust of Guru’s Lotus feet, I clean the mirror of my mind and then narrate the sacred glory of Sri Ram Chandra;
The Supereme among the Raghu dynasty. who grants your wishes.
Buddhiheen Tanu Jaanike, Sumirau Pavan Kumaar;
Bala Buddhi Bidya Dehu Mohe, Harahu Kales Bikaar;
i the ignorant, who don’t have any Knowledge (Budhiheen) of what you are( referring Hanuman) ,
I plead you, The son of Pavan(lord of wind) to Bestow on me strength, wisdom and knowledge, removing all my miseries(kalesh) and blemishes(bikaar).
Jai Hanuman Gyaan Gun Sagar,
Jai Kapis Teehun Lok Ujagar;
Victory of Thee, O Hanuman, Ocean of wisdom and virtue,
Victory to the Lord of monkeys (kapis) who is well known in all the three(Teehu) worlds(lok)
Raamdoot Atulit Bal Dhaama,
Anjani Putra Pavansut Naama;
The Divine messager (doot) of Ram ,the repository of immeasurable (Atulit) strength (bal)
You are the son (putra) of Anjani and you are also called by the name Pavansut( the son of wind god Pavan)
Mahabir Bikram Bajrangi,
Kumati Nivaar Sumati Ke Sangi;
You are valiant and brave, with a body like lightening.
You remove the evil(ku) thoughts from mind and You always favor good(Su) thoughts(Mati).
Kanchan Baran Biraaj Subesa,
Kaanan Kundal Kunchit Kesa;
You have golden(kanchan) body(baran) and you wear beautiful-dress(subhesha) and ear-rings(kundals) and your hairs are long and curly.
Haath Bajra O Dhwaja Biraaje,
Kaandhe Moonj Janeu Saaje;
You hold Gadha(bolt or bajra) in one hand and flag (dhwaja) in other, with sacred thread(janeu) across his shoulder.
Sankar Suvan Kesari Nandan,
Tej Prataap Maha Jag Bandan;
You are the incarnation of lord shiv (shankar) and you are very dear to Shri Keshri( father of Hanumanji).
You have a unique glow and hold vast sway over the universe. you are very adorable to world (jag)
Bidyabaan Guni Ati Chaatur,
Raam Kaaj Karibe Ko Aatur;
You are the repository learning(bidyabaan), master of skills (guni), very wise and highly keen (aatur) to do the work (kaaj) of Shri Ram,
Prabhu Charit Sunibe Ko Rasiya,
Raam Lakhan Sita Mann Basiya;
You are delighted on hearing the glories of Shri Ram. You are very dear to Ram , Lakshman and Sita
Sukshma Roop Dhari Siyanhi Dikhawa,
Bikat Roop Dhari Lanka Jarawa;
You took Small roop (form) when you came to Sita but you also took huge form and showed power to warn Ravana and you set Lanka on fire when ravana put fire on your tail
Bheem Roop Dhari Asur Sanhaare,
Raamchandra Ke Kaaj Sanwaare;
you killed (sanhaar) the Asuras (demons) who were huge and Robust. You accomplished the mission of Shree Ram.
Laaye Sanjivan Lakhan Jiyaaye,
Hanumanji brought the whole parvat when he was unable to find sanjivni booti on it to revive the life of lakshman
Sree Raghuveer Harashi Ur Laaye;
you brought the sanjeevani booti to revive the life of lakshman and restored the confidence of Shri Ram
Raghupati Keenhi Bahut Badai,
Tum Mum Priya Bharat Hi Sam Bhai;
Shri Ram praised you and said that you are also my dear brother ,just like Bharat.
Sahas Badan Tumhro Jas Gaawen,
Us Kahi Sreepati Kanth Lagawe;
my whole body ( sri raam saying this to hanuman) is singing your Praise sayin this Sri Ram hugged Hanuman ji
Sankadik Bramhadi Munisa,
Narad Sarad Sahit Ahisa;
the greates sages, Brahma , Rishies , Narad and shiva who retained with the serpants.
Jam Kuber Digpaal Jahan Te,
Kabi Kobid Kahi Saki Kahante;
Yamha (god of death) , kubera (god of treasure) all regents of ten directions praise you.
Even poets are not able to descibe your glories.
Tum Upkaar Sugreevhin Kinha,
Raam Milaaye Raajpad Dinha;
You did favor on Sugreeva by bringing Sri Ram to him , who helped him to restore his lost kingdom.
Rama helped Sughreev to kill his twin brother bali and to restore his Kingdom
Tumhro Mantra Vibhishan Maana,
Lankeswar Bhaye Sab Jag Jana;
Vibhishna , the brother of Ravana seeked your Mantras and he also came on the side of Rama, and he became the king of Lanka.
Joog Sahastra Jojan Par Bhaanu,
Lilyo Taahi Madhur Fal Jaanu;
You swallowed the sun thinking it to be a fruit, which was thousands of mile away from earth.
Prabhu Mudrika Meli Mukh Maahi,
Jaldhi Laanghi Gaye Achraj Naahi;
Taking the message and the ring of Rama for Sita, in your mouth. he crossed the ocean in one jump no wonder because you were capable of it.
Durgam Kaaj Jagat Ke Jete,
Sugam Anugraha Tumhre Tete;
the uttermost difficut tasks can be accomplished because of your grace.
Raam Dooare Tum Rakhwaare,
Hoat Na Aagya Binu Paisare;
You are the Guard at the doors of Sree Rama where no one can enter without your permission.
Sab Sukh Lahaye Tumhri Sarna,
Tum Rakhshak Kaahu Ko Darna;
Ever happiness is bound to come at your call, if you are the protector then why should we fear.
Aapan Tej Smharo Aapaye,
Teeno Lok Haank Te Kaapen;
You have unique glow and status, only you can control your powers. All the three worlds shiver (kaapen) at your roar (haank)
Bhoot Pishaach Nikat Nahi Aawe,
Mahabir Jab Naam Sunawe;
No ghost no demon could come near to the one who takes your name
Naasaye Rog Hare Sab Peera,
Japat Nirantar Hanumat Beera;
You cure the sufferings, diseases (rog) and pain (peera), when one chants (japat) your name in continuity (nirantar).
Sankat Te Hanuman Chhoodawe,
Mann Krama Bachan Dhyaan Jo Laawe;
Hanuman will pull you out of trouble when you pray to him whole heartedly.
Sab Par Raam Tapaswi Raja,
Tin Ke Kaaj Sakal Tum Saaja;
Sri Ram is above all ,and you accomplish all his tasks without any delay.
Aur Manorath Jo Koi Laawe,
Soi Amit Jivan Fal Paawe;
You grants the wishes of your devotees who seek your grace and blessings in their lives .
Chaaro Jug Partaap Tumhara,
Hai Parsiddh Jagat Ujiyara;
your glory radiates(prataap) in all four eras (jug or yug) and your eminense is famous in the entire world.
Saadhu Santa Ke Tum Rakhwaare,
Asur Nikandan Raam Dulaare;
You protect the Sages and good human beings . you are the slayer of Demons and very dear to Sri Ram
Janki blessed Hanuman with many boons
Asta Siddhi Nau Nidhi Ke Daata,
Us Bar Deen Jaanki Maata;
when hanuman delived Sri Ram’s message and ring to Sita (jaanki) , she gave him many boon of Asta means eight (siddhi) super natural powers and Nau means nine Nidhi (the forms of wealth).
Raam Rasayan Tumhre Paasa,
Sada Raho Raghupati Ke Daasa;
You have the devotion and mantras to please Sri Ram . you always stay near to him as his nearest attendent so that you may have the opportunity to do jobs of Rama.
Tumhre Bhajan Raam Ko Paawe,
Janam-Janam Ke Dukh Bisraawe;
Sri Ram likes the songs of your praise so he ends the miseries of births(past lives).
therfore at the end of their lives the devotees goes to Raghuvar pur ( the place of sri ram) where they take births they are called Hari (Sree Ram ) Bhagat. (devotee)
Aur Devta Chitt Na Dharayi,
Hanumat Sei Sarba Sukh Karai;
If the devotee devots only to Hanuman ,they will attain all the pleasures .
Sankat Kate Mite Sab Peera,
Jo Sumiraye Hanumat Balbira;
the pains and hindrances will vanish for the one who takes hanuman’s name
Jai Jai Jai Hanuman Gosaai,
Kripa Karahun Gurudeb Ki Naai;
victories to you oh hanuman ji , bless us and make me knowledgeable to devote myself to you.
Jo Sat Baar Paath Kare Koi,
Chhootahin Bandi Mahasukh Hoyi;
the one who chants the hnuman chalisa hundred times if freed from bondage of rebirths and enjoys great bliss of life.
Jo Yeh Padhe Hanuman Chalisa,
Hoye Siddhi Saakhi Gaurisa;
the one who chants Hanuman Chalisa will fulfill his wishes unto the witness of Lord Shiva and Godess Gori
Tulsidas Sada Harichera,
Kije Naath Hridaya Mahn Dera;
I tulsidaas , will always be the servant of Lord Ram. O! lord Hanuman adobe in my heart forever.
Pavantanaye Sankat Haran, Mangal Moorti Roop;
Raam Lakhan Sita Sahit, Hridya Basahu Soor Bhoop.
oh son of Wind god , remover of worries , in your auspicious form, reside in my heart along with Shree Ram, Lakshman and Sita
Benefits of Hanuman Chalisa…
– Reciting the First Doha of Hanuman Chalisa many times willremove the doshas arising out of having insulted knowingly/ unknowingly one’s preceptor/ a Raama Bhakta.
– Reciting the Second Doha will remove hardships in life and grant wisdom and strength.
– Reciting the Opening Chaupayi of the chaalisa “Jaya Hanumaan gyaan guna saagar…..” will bless one with Divine knowledge.
– Reciting the 3rd Chaupayi “Mahaaveer vikrama Bhajrangi…..” will help in reforming persons who are into bad company or have fallen into undesirable habits. It will also give abundant strength.
– Reciting the 7th and 8th chaupayi “Vidyavan guni athi chaathur…..” will help one to cultivate Rama Bhakti and become dear to Lord Raama.
– Reciting the 11th chaupayi “Laya sanjivan…..” will help inremoving effects of poisonous bites and in removal of fear from snakes.
– Reciting the 12th chaupayi will help in removing misunderstanding between brothers and promote unity between siblings.
– Reciting the 13th,14th & 15th chapypayis will help inattaining fame.
– Reciting the 16th & 17th chaupayiis will help in recovering lost status or in attaining desired promotions/ posts.
– Reciting the 20th chaupayi will help in accomplishing even difficult tasks overcoming all obstacles.
Reciting the 22nd Chaupayi will give Divine Protection during adverse planetary periods.
– Reciting the 24th Chaupayi will help in driving away Negative Energies including Boota, Pisachas, saakinii, daakini, and black magical deities.
– Reciting the 25th Chaupayi will help in maintaining good health. It will also give the ability to bear physical pain when one is injured.
– Reciting the 26th Chaupayi gives relief from difficulties.
– Reciting 27th and 28th Chaupayi’s grants bestowal of desiresby Divine Grace.
– Reciting the 29th Chaupayi grants fame.
– Reciting the 30th Chaupayi helps in victory over evil forces.
– Reciting the 31st Chaupayi gives occult powers and great Wealth.
– Reciting the 32nd, 33rd, 34th and 35th Chaupayi’s helps one to enjoy an ethical and fulfilling life without any worries/ frustrations at the end of such a contented life one will attain the Divine Abode of Shri Raamaa.
– Reciting the 36th Chaupayi gives relief from all difficulties and pains.
– Reciting the 37th Chaupayi secures the Grace of Hanuman.
If you would like to read Hanuman Chalisa, you download it from here